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Lucretia Mott
Antislavery and Women's Rights Leader

1793 - 1880

Good to be always zealously affected in a good thing.

                                                                              —Lucretia Mott



Lucretia Mott was born Lucretia Coffin on January 3, 1793 in Nantucket, Massachusetts. She was an outspoken leader of the antislavery and women's rights movements in America. She married James Mott in 1811.

Her family were Quakers, and she became a Quaker minister in 1821. Like many Quakers, Mott was active in the abolitionist movement in the United States before the Civil War. Mott helped found two anti-slavery groups, and was well known for her eloquent speeches against slavery.

In 1840, Mott attended the World Anti-Slavery Convention in London, England. The men who controlled the convention refused to seat her and other women delegates. Mott responded by pledging to work diligently for women's rights. In 1848 she and another reformer, Elizabeth Cady Stanton, organized the first women's rights convention in the United States at Seneca Falls, New York. Out of this meeting came a series of resolutions demanding increased rights for women, including better educational and employment opportunities and the right to vote.

After 1848, Mott spoke widely for both women's rights and the abolition of slavery. Her book, Discourse on Women, published in 1850 discussed the educational, economic, and political restrictions on women in Western Europe and America. After slavery was abolished in 1865, Mott supported the rights of black Americans to vote.

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  Resources

•  Other Civil-Rights Leaders in the Lucidcafé Library
•  Books About Lucretia Mott
•  Lucretia Mott Images
•  Related Websites
•  eTexts of Mott

     

  Other Civil-Rights Leaders in the Lucidcafé Library



  Books About Lucretia Mott



  Related Websites



  eTexts of Mott

  • Discourse On Woman by Lucretia Mott
  • Autobiographical Sketch—Taken from the Pendle Hill Pamphlet, "Lucretia Mott Speaking: Excerpts from the Sermons & Speeches of a Famous Nineteenth Century Quaker Minister & Reformer
  • Remarks on John Brown delivered to the 24th annual meeting of the Pennsylvania Anti-Slavery Society, October 25-26, 1860
  • Slavery and the Woman Question excerpts from Lucretia Mott's Diary of Her 1840 attendance of the World Anti-Slavery Convention in Great Britain
  • Sermon delivered at the Cherry Street Meeting in Philadelphia, September 30, 1849

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Copyright © 1995-2014 Robin Chew
Article written by Robin Chew - January 1996